Last ...we drew a parallel between the Enlightenment with its contrasting medieval background, and Socialism with its czarist backdrop. These two movements beg the question: what caused these new orders based upon rationalism and brotherhood to be so infested with the Judeophobia that characterized the old world. The fact is that no cure emerged; neither from the decline of Christianity as the dominant force in shaping political realms, nor from the emancipation of the Jews from legal restrictions. Apparently, European societies were so saturated by centuries of Jew-hating, that they were unable to produce Enlightenment or socialism that was Judeophobia-free. In his comprehensive study, historian Zosa Szajkowski could not find a single word in favor of the Jews in French socialist literature between 1820 and 1920, even when half of this period was replete with 600 pogroms. We mentioned Tousenel, Fourier and Proudhon as examples of Judeophobia from the Left. Saint-Simon is the striking exception. Within Marx's writings and biography, four aspects of Judeophobia can be discerned, namely: 1) Judeophobes overblow the importance of Jews they dislike, and their Jewishness is emphasized even when non-existent. Thus for Nazism, Communism was a Jewish ideology. And within the left itself, the anarchist Mikhail Bakunin considered Marx "a modern Moses" and the Jews "a nation of exploiters." In contrast, Judeophobes studiously blur the Jewishness of Jews who are central to their cause. Thus, Marx's Jewish origins were usually skipped by the Communist authorities. In the Soviet Encyclopedia edition of 1952, the Jewish origin of Marx was totally omitted. 2) Jews were accused from both sides of the political spectrum with contradictory arguments, and therefore had no forum in which to be proven innocent. Despite centuries of suffering under the domain of Christian states, the Jews were ultimately seen as the germ of Christianity by many free-thinkers. In the same way, the Judeophobia of Marx and many Marxists did not deter anti- Communist Judeophobes from accusing "the Jews" of having created Marxism. For this reason, during the 1918-20 civil war that followed the Bolshevik revolution, the anti-Communist Ukrainian fighters murdered 50,000 innocent Ukrainian Jews. [345 lines left ... full text available at <url:http://www.reference.com/cgi-bin/pn/go?choice=message&table=05_1997&mid=1683243&hilit=CONSPIRACY+MEDIA> ] -------------------------------- Article-ID: 05_1997&1683599 Score: 78 Subject: Re: FORGED BY THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, AMERICAN"S MAJESTIC THRONE MUST NOT BE COMPROMISED.