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Citations from Linda Hunt's book on the Nazi incursions on domestic soil
after WW II: 

pp.125-129 - "The cold war led to a major expansion of the German
scientist operation. Heretofore, Paperclip was limited to German and
Austrian scientists who worked for the U.S. military. But beginning in the
summer of 1947, a new JIOA project lifted those constraints. Code-named
'National Interest,' the individuals brought to the United States under
this program ran the gamut from Nazi scientists, including a convicted
Nazi war criminal, to East Europeans involved in CIA covert operations
overseas. The sole standard for these transfers was that they be deemed in
the national interest. 

"National Interest operated on two levels. The more visible level included
the cases of German or Austrian scientists employed by universities,
defense contractors, or private industry. Their entry was considered to be
in the national interest simply because it kept them from going to work
for the Russians.

"The second level was heavily cloaked in secrecy, and for good reason. The
CIA and military intelligence used the project to bring intelligence
sources or other assets to the United States, where they were given a safe
haven in exchange for their services. In 1948 many of these individuals
were of interest to the Office of Policy Coordination (OPC), the early
covert action arm of the CIA, given the authority by Truman to conduct
what is known in the intelligence trade as 'dirty tricks.' To put it
bluntly, Project National Interest provided the escape mechanism to a
haven in the United States that OSS chief William Donovan had wanted
President Roosevelt to approve in 1944. 

"National Interest policy assumed that all of these persons normally would
have been barred from entry under U.S. immigration laws because of past
Nazi or Communist party membership. Therefore, their entry was facilitated
by the ninth proviso of the U.S. immigration law, which gave the attorney
general the authority to admit cases with military implications or those
affecting national security. The CIA cases were covered by a section in
the CIA Act of 1949, which allowed U.S. entry of up to one hundred
individuals a year 'without regard to their inadmissibility under the
immigration or any other laws...' The JIOA Governing Committee approved
the entry in the CIA cases and passed the names on to the attorney general
for approval. 

"The aliens in National Interest, like those in Paperclip, were sent to
Canada and reentered the United States as resident aliens. Numerous
historians and journalists have told the now-famous story of how Wernher

[280 lines left ... full text available at <url:http://www.reference.com/cgi-bin/pn/go?choice=message&table=05_1997&mid=2559926&hilit=CIA> ]

Article-ID: 05_1997&2559999
Score: 99