Ms. Guidance on GENETIC ART

see also: Ms. Guidance on ARTIFICIAL LIFE

"Essentially, if we have criteria of ``fitness,'' anything which can be turned into a bit string can be evolved by genetic algorithms. As should be evident to anyone reading this, literature, pictures, sound and movies can all be turned into strings of bits. Once we have a measure of fitness, there is no a priori reason we could not turn standard techniques loose on an initial population of pictures, or sonatas, or sonnets. There are even techniques, outlined at least by Holland, which will allow our system to modify the means it uses to evalute fitness." - Jonathan Gibbs

The Tierra Project.

    An experiment to create a net-wide ecosystem of digital life.

Evolved Virtual Creatures (9MB, MPEG) by Karl Sims.

    The Evolution of the virtual creatures is based on their locomotion skills, and through coevolution are created others that play a certain wrestling game. In Karl Simsīs work both the behavior and the morphology (body structure) of the creatures are determined by animation.
    This directory contains Siggraph '94 and A-Life '94 papers by Karl Sims on "virtual creatures". Also included is an MPEG movie showing some of his creations.

The Tele-Garden ( A Tele-Robotic Installation on the WWW )

    This tele-robotic installation allows WWW users to view and interact with a remote garden filled with living plants. Members can plant, water, and monitor the progress of seedlings via the tender movements of an industrial robot arm. Internet behavior can often be characterized as ``hunting and gathering''; our purpose is to consider the ``post-nomadic'' community, where survival favors those who collaborate.

Synthetic animations

    Tom Ngo, Joe Marks used Genetic Algorithms to generate controllers for locomotion of 2d and 3d articulated figures.

MSc project

    Peter Murphy used a Genetic Algorithm to evolve control curves for physically based 4 segment arm to throw a ball at a target.

Jonathan Gibbs

    Gibbs is working on inverse kinematics for physically-based articulated figures using Genetic Programming. See the research section on his page.

Dave Cliff and Geoffrey F. Miller

    They have evolved neural networks for control of pursuit and evasion through coevolution.

The Fractal Music Project by Peter Stone at The University of Stuttgart, Germany.

    Fractal music is a result of a recursive process where an algorithm is applied multiple times to process its previous output. In wider perspective all musical forms, both in micro and macro level can be modelled with this process.

Genetic & Annealed MasterMind by JJ Merelo et al. at The University of Granada, Spain.

    In MasterMind, the player sets a combination of colors which the opponent must find out.
    The computer plays using Genetic Algorithms. A technical report describing the algorithm is available


    Participatory, Web-based art projects which use evolutionary computation: Web users vote on the comparative esthetic value of several choices (images or sounds). These votes determine the fitness of the individuals which drives the composition of subsequent generation.

    Genetic Music by Jeffrey Putnam at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM, USA.

      This is an experiment in trying to evolve programs that write "music". It uses genetic programming to evolve expressions for note length, amplitude, frequency, duration and the spacing between notes. It plays music for users who can then VOTE! for the different sounds produced. Using the votes received, the program generates a new set of sounds by crossover and mutation from the current generation.

    Interactive Genetic Art by John Mount at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

      The programs were inspired by the work of Karl Sims (Sims 1991) and the extension of his work by Baluja, Pomerleau, and Jochem.

      International Interactive Genetic Art I

      International Interactive Genetic Art II

      Genetic Movies

Ms. Guidance on Artificial Life